Shipping Container Homes : Skyscraper For Dharavi Slum Dwellers in Mumbai, India. An architectural firm, GA Design has won an international ideas competition. with a radical shipping container homes skyscraper. That was assumed to provide temporary housing in Mumbai’s overpopulated Dharavi Slum. Taking in consideration, that steel shipping containers homes can be stacked up to 10 stories high. without any additional support, GA’s winning scheme calls for a 100-meter-tall highrise. Comprised of a series of self supported container clusters, divided by steel girders placed every 8 stories.
How To Build A Shipping Container Homes Skyscraper
Back Ground Of Dharavi Slum in Mumbai.
Dharavi area is spreads over 500 acres, in India’s commercial capital Mumbai. Besides being a dwelling place, it is also a work center and a center for recycling and small scale industries. Where people live and work together, making it a truly green community.
Houses consists of ground or ground plus one units, attached end on end to form a complex and highly dense linear mass. The streets, often only 4’wide, run like the arteries through the settlement. That are providing light and ventilation to each of its units. Which are made from recycled tin or plywood planks nailed together.
Project Fact File
- Architects: GA Design Consultants.
- Location: Dharavi.
- Architects in Charge: Shekar Ganti, Gauri Shitole.
- 3d Visualizer: Nikhil Champanerkar.
- Intern: Rashmi Rajpal.
- Project Year: 2015.
- Photographs: Courtesy of GA Design.
Shipping Container Homes Skyscraper Design Brief
Keeping in line with shipping container homes, modular and recyclable character. a vertical high-rise made from recycled shipping containers seems to fit the need. Mumbai is a big port with easy availability of shipping containers.
Containers can be stacked 10 storeys high without additional supports. The steel skin itself takes the load like a “Monocoque.” structure thus cutting cost for additional columns or beams.
The design of a 100 M tall high rise structure (approx. 32 storeys) calls for erecting portal frames. Those are connected with steel girders placed every 8 storeys. Each 8 storey self-supporting stack rests on these girders. The shipping container homes module are repeats vertically.
Space Planning Of Shipping Container Homes
Each shipping container homes is made up of 3 standard size (40’ Long X 8’6” High X 8’ Wide) containers. Plan is staggered to create an aesthetic and for ergonomic purpose.
The floor above cantilevers over the floor below to create a covered corridor. The units are arranged symmetrically around a central core that houses the vertical circulations namely the stairs and elevators.
Portals of shipping container homes, serve as ducts for vertical plumbing and electrical needs. The sides of the portal carries solar panels on the west side and micro wind turbines on the east side for hybrid cogeneration of electricity.
The corridors are lines with screens made out of recycled terracotta jalis, which are made locally in Dharavi at Kumbharwada (Potter’s community).
Sustainable Architectural Approach Of Shipping Container Homes
With shipping container homes sustainability in mind, each container can be reclaimed from Mumbai’s nearby ports. Recycled, locally produced Terracotta bricks would be used to form the screens lining the building’s open corridors.
Simple bolted connections can allow for quick and easy assembly. Units are staggered horizontally to maximize the surfaces getting natural daylight. And, solar panels are integrated into the building’s south and west elevations, as well as micro wind turbines, to generate energy.
Personal Opinion : When we are talking about modular housing out of shipping container homes, for mass production and their design proposal, for future urban development is really inspiring and curious.
But here in Mumbai, major time of a year, hot and humid – if we think about metal, we need to think first of it’s life. Because high humidity and long rainy season of Mumbai, always create corrosion and leakage problems. Keep in mind – For whom you build,…!!!