Did you know about Hindu Temple Architecture? How this Temple Architecture Elements Evolve in the History? If you have a idea and knowledge of Hindu mythology. It’s evolution, then this term Hindu temple architecture style or Hindu architecture elements are easy to understand.
Be with us ahead of this collection on Hindu temple architecture style. This will help you to clear the clouds of doubt, about Elements of Hindu Temple architecture. Around the region of followers of Hindu Religion, In and around India.
Because architecture of Hindu temples evolved over a period of more than 2,000 years, and there is a great variety in the Hindu Temple Architecture Style.
Hindu Temple Architecture Design.
Let’s get the ideas of Hindu Temple Architecture Styles First.
Hindu Temple Architecture and Human Body:
- The Hindu temples are of different shapes and sizes, like rectangular, octagonal, semicircular.
- Temples have with different types of architectural elements like, Torana, shikhar, domes and gates.
- Temples in southern India have a different style, than those in northern India.
- The architecture of Hindu temples is vary. They mainly have many things in common.
Important Hindu Temple Architecture Characteristics:
There are mainly 6 parts in the Hindu temple Design and Development. Those temple parts are derive and develop on the base of Hindu Shastras. Direct influence of Old and Ancient Literature on the development of Hindu Temple Architectural Style.
Let’s get the ideas of Different part or features of Hindu Temple.
The Front Porch of Temple:
This area of the temples usually has a big metallic bell. that hangs from the ceiling. Devotees entering and leaving the porch ring this bell to declare their arrival and departure.
The Temple Hall:
Most large temples have a hall meant for the audience to sit. This is also called the ‘nata-mandira’ (hall for temple-dancing). where in days of yore, women dancers or ‘devadasis’ used to perform dance rituals. Devotees use the hall to sit, meditate, pray, chant or watch the priests perform the rituals. The hall is usually decorate with paintings of gods and goddesses.
The Inner Chamber of Temple:
The inner chamber of the temple called ‘Garbhagriha.’ or ‘womb-chamber’ is where the image or idol of the deity (‘murti’) is place. In most temples, the visitors can not enter the garbhagriha. Only the temple priests are allow inside.
Hindu Temple Architecture Characteristics:
The Walkway around the Temple:
Most temples have a walkway around the walls of the inner chamber. for circus-ambulation by devotees around the deity. as a mark of respect to the temples god or goddess.
The Dome and Steeple on the Temple:
The steeple of the dome is know as ‘shikhara’ (summit.) That represents the mythological ‘Meru’ or the highest mountain peak. The shape of the dome varies from region to region. And the steeple is often in the form of the trident of Shiva.
The Reservoir in Temple Complex:
If the temple is not in the vicinity of a natural water body. A reservoir of freshwater is create on the temple premises. The water is use for rituals as well as to keep the temple floor clean or even for a ritual bath before entering the holy abode.
Hindu Temple Architecture in India.
Although, there are numerous regional variants of the Hindu Temple Architecture. They can basically be classified under the Nagara or the north Indian and the Dravida or the south indian styles.
We will briefly examine aspects of these styles (as explained in ancient texts like the Mayamata, Tantrasamuchchaya and Suprabhedagama) and their commonalities.
Hindu Temple Architecture Nagara Style:
The Nagara style is characterize by a beehive shaped tower (called a shikhara).
Shikhara is make up of layer upon layer of architectural elements. Such as kapotas and gavaksas, All topped by a large round cushion-like element call an amalaka.
The hindu temple architecture nagara style plan is based on a square, but the walls are sometimes. So broken up that the tower often gives the impression of being circular.
The central shaft could be surrounded by smaller secondary shafts called the Urushringas. That is creating a spectacular visual effect resembling a fountain.
Know more about Diff. Architecture Styles Around the World.
- Contemporary Japanese Architecture Style And Characteristics.
- Post Modern Architecture Style.
- An Ideas of Fragmentation Deconstructive Architecture Style.
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